Many of the challenges that the oil and gas industry is facing cannot be solved unilaterally. It is necessary to build alliances and partnerships across the industry, as well as with governments, international organisations, civil society and other stakeholders.Here, we provide an overview of the most important civil society organisations, industry associations, international organisations and multi-stakeholder initiatives that we have supported and collaborated with at corporate level in 2009.
CIVIL SOCIETY ORGANISATIONS
Amnesty International Norway
Amnesty International is a worldwide, member-controlled organisation that campaigns for internationally recognised human rights for everyone. The organisation is independent of any government, financial agents, political persuasion or religious creed.Statoil has a corporate agreement with Amnesty International Norway.Statoil regularly consults with Amnesty International on questions related to the business's responsibility for human rights issues, and it also receives information about the human rights situation in the countries in which we operate.Through the agreement, Statoil also provides financial support for Amnesty International Norway's work on preventing and campaigning against human rights violations worldwide.
International Crisis Group (ICG)
The International Crisis Group (ICG) is generally recognised to be the world's leading independent, non-partisan source of analysis and advice on the prevention and resolution of deadly conflict.
Statoil entered into a collaboration agreement with the ICG in 2007, and in 2008 we became a member of the ICG President's Council with observer status at ICG board meetings. The agreement gives Statoil access to ICG staff and expertise on issues of mutual interest.
International Federation of Chemical, Energy, Mine and General Workers' Unions (ICEM)
The International Federation of Chemical, Energy, Mine and General Workers' Unions (ICEM) is a global federation of unions covering the oil/ energy and mining industries. It has approximately 20 million members.
Since 1998, Statoil has had a global collaboration agreement with ICEM that covers all Statoil employees in the countries in which we operate, which affirms our respect for fundamental human rights in the community and in the place of work.
International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN)
The International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) helps the world find pragmatic solutions to our most pressing environmental and development challenges. It supports scientific research, manages field projects all over the world and brings together governments, non-governmental organisations, United Nations agencies, companies and local communities to develop and implement policy, laws and best practice.
IUCN is the world's oldest and largest global environmental network - a democratic membership-based union with more than 1,000 government and NGO member organisations, and almost 11,000 volunteer scientists in more than 160 countries.
IUCN's work is supported by over 1,000 professional staff in 60 offices and hundreds of partners in the public, NGO and private sectors around the world. The Union's headquarters are located in Gland, near Geneva in Switzerland.
Statoil is a member of the IUCN Red List Corporate Support Group, which supports the IUCNs work to develop and update the Red List of Threatened Species.
Norwegian Centre for Human Rights
The Norwegian Centre for Human Rights is an independent, multidisciplinary research centre on human rights based at the University of Oslo. It is also a teaching institute and a centre for internationally-oriented projects on human rights issues.Statoil entered into a corporate agreement with the Norwegian Centre for Human Rights in 2007 to support the Centre's international outreach work on human rights issues.The agreement also aims to foster the exchange of ideas and information about human rights-related issues of relevance to our operations.
Norwegian Red Cross
The Red Cross is an international humanitarian relief agency, with Red Cross or Red Crescent societies in 187 countries.
The basic principle of the organisation is the protection of human life and rights in order to work towards worldwide peace.The Norwegian Red Cross is a nationwide organisation that, in recent years, has had about 170,000 members.The relief work it carries out is comprehensive, ranging from caring for the elderly, sick and lonely to providing a prison visitor service, mountain rescue service, working with Aids and an emergency telephone helpline for children and the young.Statoil has had a corporate agreement supporting the work of the Norwegian Red Cross since 2001.
Norwegian Refugee Council
The Norwegian Refugee Council (NRC) is an independent, humanitarian non-governmental organisation that provides assistance, protection and enduring solutions for refugees and internally displaced persons worldwide.
The NRC promotes and protects the rights of people who have been forced to flee their countries or their homes within their countries. The NRC has a staff of approximately 2,600 spread between 20 countries in Africa, Asia, America and Europe.Statoil has a corporate agreement supporting the NRC's activities. We consult the NRC on humanitarian and human rights issues, and benefit from their in-depth country-context expertise relevant to our operations.
Transparency International (TI) Norway
Transparency International (TI) is a worldwide organisation that works to fight corruption.
TI has placed the combating of corruption on the agenda, and it works in relation to governments, organisations and business and industry.Statoil was actively involved in formulating TI's Business Principles for the Countering of Bribery, and, since 2002, it has supported TI Norway through a corporate agreement.
ZERO is a non-governmental organisation (NGO) focusing on climate change, greenhouse gas (GHG) reductions and renewables. Its mission is to contribute to limiting the threat posed by climate change by promoting carbon-free energy solutions. Based on this mission, Zero:
- urges companies to choose carbon-free energy solutions and cooperate on putting them into use
- seeks contact with policymakers to favour such solutions
- collects and distributes information to contribute to their realisation.
- In order to promote emission-free solutions, ZERO endeavours to play a constructive role in the fight against climate change: instead of negative campaigning, Zero prefers to advocate the solutions which it supports. It cooperates with companies and industrial researchers to secure the know-how necessary to maintain that position.
Statoil has cooperated with Zero on a project basis for many years, among other things supporting the development of its website and publications.
Global Business Coalition
The Global Business Coalition on HIV/Aids, Tuberculosis and Malaria (GBC) is an association of more than 220 leading companies that work to maximise their impact in the fight against HIV/Aids, tuberculosis, and malaria.
The GBC works in concert with others who are critical in relation to effective action being taken: governments, NGOs and strong partners around the world.Member companies also work to reach out to their workforce, their customers and public and private partners all along the supply chain to address these issues.Statoil has supported the GBC through a corporate agreement since 2003, and we consult the GBC on issues related to HIV/Aids, tuberculosis and malaria that are relevant to our operations and the societies where we operate.
International Association of Oil & Gas producers (OGP)
The International Association of Oil & Gas producers (OGP) encompasses most of the world's leading publicly-traded, private and state-owned oil and gas companies, oil and gas associations and major upstream service companies. OGP members produce more than half the world's oil and about one third of its gas.The association was formed in 1974 to develop effective communications between the upstream industry and an increasingly complex network of international regulators. Originally called the E&P Forum, the name International Association of Oil & Gas Producers (OGP) was adopted in 1999.An essential part of OGP's mission is to represent the interests of the upstream industry in relation to international regulators and legislators. From its headquarters in London, OGP represents the industry on such UN bodies as the International Maritime Organization and the Commission for Sustainable Development. OGP also works with the World Bank and with the International Organization for Standardization (ISO). It is also accredited to a range of regional bodies that include OSPAR, the Helsinki Commission, the Barcelona Convention and the Arctic Council.OGP also helps members to achieve continuous improvements in safety, health and environmental performance and in the engineering and operation of upstream ventures. OGP also promotes awareness of corporate responsibility issues within the industry and among stakeholders. Transparency about revenues and combating corruption are current areas of interest.Statoil is a member of the OGP.
International Emissions Trading Association (IETA)
IETA is dedicated to the objectives of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) and, ultimately, climate protection. It is also dedicated to the establishment of effective market-based trading systems for greenhouse gas emissions by businesses that are demonstrably fair, open, efficient, accountable and consistent across national boundaries; and maintaining societal equity and environmental integrity while establishing these systems.IETA will work for the development of an active, global greenhouse gas market, consistent across national boundaries and involving all flexibility mechanisms: the Clean Development Mechanism, Joint Implementation and emissions trading; and the creation of systems and instruments that will ensure effective business participation. In order to be the premier voice for the business community on emissions trading, the organisation aims to promote an integrated view of the emissions trading system as a solution to climate change; participate in the design and implementation of national and international rules and guidelines; and provide the most up-to-date and credible source of information on emissions trading and greenhouse gas market activity.As of February 2008, IETA comprised 176 international companies from OECD and non-OECD countries.Statoil is a member company of IETA.
International Gas Union (IGU)
The International Gas Union (IGU) was founded in 1931. It is a worldwide non-profit organisation registered in Switzerland with the present secretariat located in Oslo, Norway.
For a six-year period, the secretariat is headed by Mr Torstein Indrebø from Statoil, who was elected Secretary General in October 2007. The objective of the IGU is to promote the technical and economic progress of the gas industry.The members of IGU are associations and entities from the gas industries in 68 countries. It cooperates with many global energy organisations. IGU's working organisation covers all domains of the gas industry, from exploration and production of natural gas onshore or offshore, pipeline and piped distribution systems to customers' premises and combustion of the gas at the point of use.Statoil is a member of the IGU.
International Petroleum Industry Environmental Conservation Association (IPIECA)
The International Petroleum Industry Environmental Conservation Association (IPIECA) was established in 1974 following the establishment of the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP).
IPIECA is one of the industry's principal channels of communication with the United Nations.The IPIECA is the single global association that represents both the upstream and downstream oil and gas industry on key global environmental and social issues. The IPIECA's programme takes full account of international developments in these issues, serving as a forum for discussion and cooperation involving industry and international organisations.The IPIECA aims to develop and promote scientifically-sound, cost-effective, practical, and socially and economically acceptable solutions to global environmental and social issues pertaining to the oil and gas industry. The IPIECA is not a lobby organisation, but provides a forum for encouraging continuous improvement of industry performance.The IPIECA draws on the skills and experiences of its international membership through various committees, supported by a small secretariat. The IPIECA currently has a number of Working Groups and Task Forces comprising: Climate Change; Biodiversity; Social Responsibility; Oil Spill; Operational, Fuels & Product Issues; Health and Sustainability Reporting.Statoil is a member of the IPIECA.
Partnering Against Corruption Initiative (PACI)
The Partnering Against Corruption Initiative (PACI) was initiated during the World Economic Forum's annual meeting in January 2004.
PACI's mission is to develop multi-industry principles and practices that will result in a competitive level playing field, based on integrity, fairness and ethical conduct.The Initiative is based on a commitment to zero tolerance of bribery and a commitment to implement a practical and effective anti-corruption programme within companies.The principles are derived from Transparency International's Business Principles for Countering Bribery, which Statoil has been actively involved in developing.Statoil signed on to PACI in 2005.
World Business Council for Sustainable Development (WBCSD)
The World Business Council for Sustainable Development (WBCSD) is a global association of some 200 companies united by a shared commitment to sustainable development.The Council provides a platform for companies to explore sustainable development, share knowledge, experiences and best practices, and to advocate business positions on these issues in a variety of forums, working with governments, non-governmental organisations and intergovernmental organisations.Members are drawn from more than 35 countries and 20 major industrial sectors. The Council also benefits from a global network of about 60 national and regional business councils and regional partners.Statoil is a council member of the WBCSD.
IEA - Greenhouse Gas R&D Programme (IEA GHG)
The IEA Greenhouse Gas R&D Programme (IEA GHG) is an international collaborative research programme set up under the auspices of the International Energy Agency.
IEA GHG focuses on studying technologies to reduce greenhouse gas emissions. Established in 1991, IEA GHG aims to provide its members with sound information on the role that technology can play in reducing greenhouse gas emissions. The Programme has three main activities:
- Evaluation of technologies aimed at reducing greenhouse gas emissions
- Promotion and dissemination of results and data from its evaluation studies
- Facilitating practical research, development and demonstration activities
To date, the IEA GHG Programme's activities have covered all the main anthropogenic greenhouse gases. The IEA
GHG's work currently focuses on ways of controlling and reducing emissions of carbon dioxide, which is the principal greenhouse gas.The members of the IEA GHG include: 17 member countries, the European Commission and 17 multinational companies. Each member pays into a common research fund and has a seat on the Programme's governing board, the Executive Committee, which meets twice yearly.Statoil is a sponsor of the IEA GHG.
United Nations Global Compact (UNGC)
The United Nations Global Compact (UNGC) is a framework for businesses that are committed to aligning their operations and strategies with 10 universally accepted principles on human rights, labour standards, the environment and anti-corruption.The Global Compact is a voluntary initiative with two objectives:
- Mainstream the ten principles in business activities around the world
- Catalyse actions in support of broader UN goals, such as the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs)
Statoil is a Founding Member of the Global Compact, having supported the Compact since its inception in 2000.We strongly support the principles of the UNGC, have integrated them into our policies and practices, and, through our sustainability reporting, we communicate annually on our progress in promoting the 10 principles.In addition to our participation in the Global Compact, we also play an active part in the Global Compact Nordic Network.
UNDP - Democratic Governance Thematic Trust Fund
The United Nations Development Programme has initiated a range of Thematic Trust Funds to help achieve development goals. These funds enable donors - including private sector companies - to provide additional contributions to work in the UNDP practice areas. They support a multi-year funding framework - a compact among donors, host governments and UNDP to implement results-oriented programmes at the country, regional and global levels.The Democratic Governance Thematic Trust Fund (DGTTF) was established in 2001 as a new instrument providing UNDP with additional (non-core) resources to address development priorities in Democratic Governance. The DGTTF has the following three strategic objectives:
- To provide an alternative to traditional funding arrangements (core and project-by-project cost-sharing), by functioning as a fast and flexible funding mechanism for innovative UNDP projects in Democratic Governance, mainly at the country level;
- To support the Democratic Governance Practice Area at the global level;
- To provide a driving force for substantive and geographical alignment around the strategic focus of UNDP in the area of Democratic Governance, as expressed in the organisation's four-year strategic planning framework.
As such, it provides donors with an opportunity, through their contributions, to strengthen their and UNDP's commitment to the promotion of a Democratic Governance agenda.Statoil supports the UNDP DGTTF through a five-year corporate support agreement, from 2005-2009.
UNEP - World Conservation Monitoring Centre
The Proteus project was initiated by the United Nations Environment Programme - World Conservation Monitoring Centre (UNEP-WCMC) in 2002. It has evolved into a partnership of like-minded, forward-thinking and environmentally aware organizations.The partnership recognises that the private sector has a key role to play in conservation. Proteus provides an effective platform from which the private sector can support and engage with international organisations, national governments and non-governmental organisations to help protect the world's biodiversity.The partnership accepts that economic growth without due regard for the world's biodiversity is unacceptable. It recognises the need to monitor human-induced pressures and the implementation of conservation measures. In doing so, the partnership supports the international conservation community and the internationally agreed target of significantly reducing the rate of loss of biodiversity by 2010, which was facilitated by the United Nations.Proteus's main focus is now on creating a decentralised, user-friendly, up-to-date system for storing, managing and reporting on trends in coverage for all the world's protected areas - conforming to best practice techniques and providing a platform that allows for the easy integration of other conservation datasets and user opinion.Statoil has been a partner since the beginning of the initiative.
World Bank - Carbon Finance Unit (CFU)
Statoil is a supporter of two carbon fund mechanisms managed by the World Bank's Carbon Finance Unit - the Prototype Carbon Fund and the Community Development Carbon Fund.
Prototype Carbon Fund (PCF)
A partnership between seventeen companies and six governments that is managed by the World Bank, the Prototype Carbon Fund (PCF) became operational in April 2000.As the first carbon fund, its mission is to pioneer the market for project-based greenhouse gas (GHG) emission reductions while promoting sustainable development and offering a learning-by-doing opportunity to its stakeholders.The Fund pioneered this market through pilot production of Emission Reductions within the framework of Joint Implementation (JI) and the Clean Development Mechanism (CDM).In practice, this means that the fund buys carbon credits from a closed project portfolio of 23 projects in developing countries and in "economies in transition".The Fund has a total capital of USD180 million and Statoil's share is USD 10 million.
Community Development Carbon Fund (CDCF)
The Community Development Carbon Fund (CDCF) provides carbon financing to projects in the poorer areas of the developing world.The Fund, a public/private initiative designed in cooperation with the International Emissions Trading Association (IETA) and the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change, became operational in March 2003.The CDCF supports projects that combine community development attributes with emission reductions to create "development plus carbon" credits, and will significantly improve the lives of the poor and their local environment.The first tranche of the CDCF is capitalised at USD 128.6 million, with nine governments and 16 corporations/organisations participating. The Fund is currently closed for further subscriptions.Statoil's share is USD 2.5 million.
Carbon Sequestration Leadership Forum (CSLF)
The Carbon Sequestration Leadership Forum is an international climate change initiative that is focused on development of improved cost-effective technologies for the separation and capture of carbon dioxide for transport and safe long-term storage.The purpose of the CSLF is to make these technologies broadly available internationally and to identify and address wider issues relating to carbon capture and storage. This could include promoting the appropriate technical, political, and regulatory environments for the development of such technology. The CSLF, which was established in 2003, currently comprises 22 members, including 21 countries and the European Commission. Membership is open to national governmental entities that are significant producers or users of fossil fuel and that have a commitment to investing resources in research, development and demonstration activities in carbon dioxide capture and storage technologies. CSLF also recognises that stakeholders, those organisations that are affected by and can affect the goals of CSLF, form an essential component of CSLF activities.Statoil is registered as a CSLF stakeholder and represents Norway as chair of the Technical group.As part of its mission under the CSLF Charter to "identify promising directions for research," the CSLF Technical Group has produced a Technology Roadmap that is intended to act as a guide for the CSLF and its Members in describing possible routes to future carbon dioxide capture, transport and storage needs.
Extractive Industries Transparency Initiative (EITI)
The Extractive Industries Transparency Initiative (EITI) supports increased transparency and improved governance in resource-rich countries through the verification and full publication of company payments and government revenues from oil, gas and mining.The EITI is a coalition of governments, companies, civil society groups, investors and international organisations. Then UK Prime Minister, Tony Blair, announced the initiative at the World Summit on Sustainable Development in Johannesburg in September 2002.
Statoil has supported the EITI since its foundation, and it became a member of the international EITI Board in 2009, representing the national oil company (NOC) constituency together with Pemex, the Mexican NOC. In addition, we publish our revenues, investments and taxes paid in the countries where we operate, and we support implementation of the EITI principles in Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan, Nigeria and Norway.
Global Gas Flaring Reduction Partnership (GGFR)
Launched at the World Summit on Sustainable Development in August 2002, the Global Gas Flaring Reduction public-private partnership (GGFR) brings around the table representatives of governments of oil-producing countries, state-owned companies and major international oil companies so that, together, they can overcome the barriers to reducing gas flaring by sharing global best practices and implementing country-specific programmes.The GGFR partnership, a World Bank-led initiative, facilitates and supports national efforts to use currently flared gas by promoting effective regulatory frameworks and tackling the constraints on gas utilisation, such as insufficient infrastructure and poor access to local and international energy markets, particularly in developing countries.Poverty reduction is also an integral part of the GGFR programme, which is developing concepts for how local communities close to the flaring sites can use natural gas and liquefied petroleum gas (LPG) that may otherwise be flared and wasted. The program has already evaluated opportunities for small-scale gas utilisation in several countries.Statoil is a partner of the GGFR programme.
Global Reporting Initiative (GRI)
The Global Reporting Initiative (GRI) is a long-term, multi-stakeholder governed institution collaborating to provide globally applicable guidelines and standards for sustainability reporting.
The Sustainability Reporting Guidelines are now in their third version - the G3 Guidelines - which were published in 2006.The Guidelines set out principles and indicators that organisations can use to measure and report their economic, environmental, and social performance.To date, more than 1000 organisations have declared their voluntary adoption of the Guidelines worldwide. Consequently, the G3 Guidelines have become the de facto global standard for sustainability reporting. GRI is a collaborating centre of the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) and the Guidelines can be used to produce the UN Global Compact's required annual report -Communication on Progress (COP) .Statoil has been an organisational stakeholder of the GRI since 2005, and it is a member of the GRI Working Group for the development of the Oil and Gas Sector Supplement.
Voluntary Principles on Security and Human Rights (VPSHR)
The initiative to develop the Voluntary Principles on Security and Human Rights (VPSHR) was taken by the US and UK governments in 2000, with the Netherlands and Norway joining later.Together with companies in the extractive and energy sectors, and non-governmental organisations, all with an interest in human rights, they established a dialogue on security and human rights.The participants recognise the importance of the promotion and protection of human rights throughout the world and the constructive role business and civil society - including non-governmental organisations, labour/trade unions and local communities - can play in advancing these goals.Through this dialogue, the participants have developed a set of voluntary principles to guide extractive industry and energy companies in maintaining the safety and security of their operations within an operating framework that ensures respect for human rights and fundamental freedoms. Mindful of these goals, the participants agree on the importance of continuing this dialogue and keeping under review these principles to ensure their continuing relevance and efficacy. Companies commit themselves to following the principles, adopting implementation plans and reporting on progress.Statoil is a member-participant in the VPSHR, and we work to ensure that our use of security guards and operations is in line with the voluntary principles.