Many of the challenges that the oil and gas industry is facing cannot be dealt with unilaterally. It is necessary to build alliances and partnerships across the industry, as well as with governments, international organisations, civil society and other stakeholders.
Below is an overview of the most important civil society organisations, industry associations, international organisations and multi-stakeholder initiatives that we supported and collaborated with at the corporate level in 2011.
Civil society organisations
Amnesty International Norway
Amnesty International is a worldwide, member-controlled organisation that campaigns for internationally recognised human rights for everyone.
The organisation is independent of any government, financial agents, political persuasion or religious creed.
We have had a corporate agreement with Amnesty International Norway since 2001, and regularly consult with Amnesty International on questions relating to the responsibility of business as regards respect for human rights. We also receive information about the human rights situation in the countries in which we operate.
Through the agreement, we also provide financial support for Amnesty International Norway's work to prevent and campaign against human rights violations worldwide.
International Crisis Group (ICG)
The International Crisis Group (ICG) is generally recognised as the world's leading independent, non-partisan source of analysis and advice on the prevention and resolution of deadly conflict.
We entered into a collaboration agreement with the ICG in 2007 with observer status at ICG board meetings. The agreement gives us access to ICG staff and expertise on issues of mutual interest.
International Federation of Chemical, Energy, Mine and General Workers' Unions (ICEM)
The International Federation of Chemical, Energy, Mine and General Workers' Unions (ICEM) is a global federation of unions covering the oil/energy and mining industries. It has approximately 20 million members.
Since 1998, we have had a global collaboration agreement with the ICEM that covers all Statoil employees in the countries in which we operate. It affirms our respect for fundamental human rights in the community and place of work.
Norwegian Refugee Council
The Norwegian Refugee Council (NRC) is an independent, humanitarian non-governmental organisation that provides assistance, protection and enduring solutions for refugees and internally displaced persons worldwide.
The NRC promotes and protects the rights of people who have been forced to flee their countries or their homes within their countries. The NRC has a staff of approximately 2,600 spread between 20 countries in Africa, Asia, America and Europe.
We have a corporate agreement supporting the NRC's activities. We consult the NRC on humanitarian and human rights issues, and benefit from their in-depth country-context expertise that is relevant to our operations.
Transparency International (TI) Norway
Transparency International (TI) is a worldwide organisation that works to fight corruption.
TI has placed the combating of corruption on the agenda, and it works in relation to governments, organisations, business and industry.
We were actively involved in formulating TI's Business Principles for the Countering of Bribery, and, since 2002, we have supported TI Norway through a corporate agreement.
Zero is a non-governmental organisation (NGO) focusing on climate change, greenhouse gas (GHG) reduction and renewables. Its mission is to contribute to limiting the threat posed by climate change by promoting carbon-free energy solutions. Based on this mission, Zero:
- Urges companies to choose carbon-free energy solutions and cooperates on putting them into use.
- Seeks contact with policymakers to promote such solutions.
- Collects and distributes information that contributes to realising their mission.
In order to promote emission-free solutions, Zero endeavours to play a constructive role in the fight against climate change: instead of negative campaigning, Zero prefers to advocate solutions that it supports. It cooperates with companies and industrial researchers to secure the know-how needed to maintain that position.
We cooperate with Zero on a project basis, including supporting the development of its website and publications.
American Petroleum Institute (API)
The American Petroleum Institute is the largest American trade association for oil and gas. The API's functions include research, advocacy and negotiation with governmental, legal and regulatory agencies, as well as the establishment of industry standards and certificates. The API is a source of information, contacts and discussion as we expand in North America. Statoil is a member of API and supports the API, but does not necessarily support the API's views on all issues.
Canadian Association of Petroleum Producers (CAPP)
The Canadian Association of Petroleum Producers (CAPP) is the voice of the oil and natural gas industry in Canada. CAPP represents 150 member companies that explore for, develop and produce more than 98% of Canada's natural gas, crude oil, oil sands and elemental sulphur.Working closely with members, governments, communities and stakeholders, CAPP analyses and represents members' interests nationally in 12 of Canada's 13 provinces and territories. We also endeavour to achieve consensus on industry codes of practice and operating guidelines that meet or exceed government standards.
We are a member of CAPP.
CONCAWE is the oil companies' European association for environment, health and safety in refining and distribution. CONCAWE's activities now cover areas such as fuel quality and emissions, air quality, water quality, soil contamination, waste, occupational health and safety, petroleum product stewardship and cross-country pipeline performance. Its main objectives are:
- To acquire pertinent scientific, economic, technical and legal information on environmental, health and safety issues relating to the refining of crude oil and the distribution and use of petroleum products.
- To communicate the findings in order to improve understanding of these issues among all stakeholders, including the industry, the authorities and the public at large.
We are a member of CONCAWE.
Federation of Norwegian Industries
The federation's most important task is to ensure that the authorities adopt a long-term fiscal policy in which the competitiveness of Norwegian industry is given the highest priority. The federation is part of the Confederation of Norwegian Enterprise (NHO). We are a member of the organisation, and also a member of the working group on climate and energy policy.
International Association of Oil & Gas Producers (OGP)
The International Association of Oil & Gas Producers (OGP) encompasses most of the world's leading publicly traded, private and state-owned oil and gas companies, oil and gas associations and major upstream service companies. OGP members produce more than half of the world's oil and about one-third of its gas. The association was formed in 1974 to develop effective communications between the upstream industry and an increasingly complex network of international regulators. Originally called the E&P Forum, the name International Association of Oil & Gas Producers (OGP) was adopted in 1999.
An essential part of the OGP's mission is to represent the interests of the upstream industry in relation to international regulators and legislators. From its headquarters in London, the OGP represents the industry on UN bodies such as the International Maritime Organisation and the Commission for Sustainable Development. OGP also works with the World Bank and the International Organisation for Standardisation (ISO). It is also accredited to a range of regional bodies that include OSPAR, the Helsinki Commission, the Barcelona Convention and the Arctic Council. The OGP also helps members to achieve continuous improvements in safety, health and environmental performance and in the engineering and operation of upstream ventures. The OGP also promotes awareness of corporate responsibility issues within the industry and among stakeholders. Transparency about revenues and combating corruption are current areas of interest.
We are a member of the OGP.
International Emissions Trading Association (IETA)
IETA is dedicated to the objectives of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) and, ultimately, to climate protection. It is also dedicated to the establishment of effective market-based trading systems for greenhouse gas emissions by businesses that are demonstrably fair, open, efficient, accountable and consistent across national boundaries, and to maintaining societal equity and environmental integrity while establishing these systems.
IETA will work for the development of an active, global greenhouse gas market, consistent across national boundaries and involving all flexibility mechanisms: the Clean Development Mechanism, Joint Implementation and emissions trading, and the creation of systems and instruments that will ensure effective business participation.
In order to be the premier voice for the business community on emissions trading, the organisation aims to promote an integrated view of the emissions trading system as a solution to climate change, participate in the design and implementation of national and international rules and guidelines, and be the most up-to-date and credible source of information on emissions trading and greenhouse gas market activity.
We are a member company of IETA.
International Gas Union (IGU)
The International Gas Union (IGU) was founded in 1931. It is a worldwide non-profit organisation registered in Switzerland. The objective of the IGU is to promote the political, technical and economic progress of the gas industry. The 118 members of IGU are national gas associations and companies from the gas industry, They cover more than 95% of the world's gas market. It cooperates with other international institutions, including the International Energy Agency, the United Nations, the European Union and the World Bank. The IGU's working committees and task forces cover the whole value chain of the gas industry from upstream to downstream, including environmental issues and sustainability, LNG, geopolitics and human resources.
We are indirectly a member of the IGU through the Norwegian Petroleum Society, which represents Norway in the IGU. We are also Norway's representative on the IGU Executive Committee and host for the IGU secretariat. For a six-year period, the secretariat is headed by Statoil's Torstein Indrebø, who was elected Secretary General in October 2007.
The global oil and gas industry association for environmental and social issues (IPIECA)
IPIECA was established in 1974 following the establishment of the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP). IPIECA is a global association representing both the upstream and downstream oil and gas industry on key global environmental and social issues, and is one of the industry's principal channels of communication with the United Nations. Its programme takes full account of international developments in relation to these issues, serving as a forum for discussion and cooperation between industry and international organisations.
IPIECA aims to develop and promote scientifically sound, cost-effective, practical and socially and economically acceptable solutions to global environmental and social issues relating to the oil and gas industry. It is not a lobby organisation, but rather provides a forum for encouraging continuous improvement in industry performance.
IPIECA draws on the skills and experience of its international membership through various committees, supported by a small secretariat. It currently has a number of working groups and task forces comprising climate change, biodiversity, social responsibility, human rights, oil spills, operational, fuels & product issues, health, water, sustainability reporting, and supply chain responsibilities.
We are an IPIECA member.
Partnering Against Corruption Initiative (PACI)
The Partnering Against Corruption Initiative (PACI) was initiated during the World Economic Forum's annual meeting in January 2004. PACI's mission is to develop multi-industry principles and practices that will result in a competitive level playing field, based on integrity, fairness and ethical conduct. The initiative is based on a commitment to zero tolerance of bribery and the implementation of a practical and effective anti-corruption programme within companies. The principles are derived from Transparency International's Business Principles for Countering Bribery, which Statoil has been actively involved in developing. We signed on to and have continued to support PACI since 2005.
World Business Council for Sustainable Development (WBCSD)
The World Business Council for Sustainable Development (WBCSD) is a global association of some 200 companies united by a shared commitment to sustainable development.
The council provides a platform for companies to explore sustainable development, share knowledge, experiences and best practices, and to advocate business positions on these issues in a variety of forums, working with governments, non-governmental organisations and intergovernmental organisations. Members are drawn from more than 35 countries and 20 major industrial sectors. The council also benefits from a global network of about 60 national and regional business councils and regional partners.
We are a council member of the WBCSD.
IEA Greenhouse Gas R&D Programme (IEA GHG)
IEA GHG is an international collaborative research programme set up under the auspices of the International Energy Agency. It focuses on studying technologies to reduce greenhouse gas emissions. Established in 1991, IEA GHG aims to provide its members with sound information on the role that technology can play in reducing greenhouse gas emissions. The programme has three main activities:
- Evaluation of technologies aimed at reducing greenhouse gas emissions
- Promotion and dissemination of results and data from its evaluation studies
- Facilitating practical research, development and demonstration activities
To date, the IEA GHG programme's activities have covered all the main anthropogenic greenhouse gases. Its work currently focuses on ways of controlling and reducing emissions of carbon dioxide, which is the principal greenhouse gas. IEA GHG members include 17 member countries, the European Commission and 17 multinational companies. Each member pays into a common research fund and has a seat on the programme's governing board (the executive committee), which meets twice yearly.
We are a sponsor of the IEA GHG.
United Nations Environment Programme - World Conservation Monitoring Centre (UNEP-WCMC)
The Proteus project was initiated by UNEP-WCMC in 2002, and has evolved into a partnership of like-minded, forward-thinking and environmentally aware organisations. The partnership recognises that the private sector has a key role to play in conservation. Proteus provides an effective platform from which the private sector can support and engage with international organisations, national governments and non-governmental organisations to help to protect the world's biodiversity.
The partnership accepts that economic growth without due regard for the world's biodiversity is unacceptable. It recognises the need to monitor human-induced pressures and the implementation of conservation measures. In doing so, the partnership supports the international conservation community and the internationally agreed target of significantly reducing the rate of loss of biodiversity by 2010, which was facilitated by the United Nations.
Proteus's main focus is now on creating a decentralised, user-friendly, up-to-date system for storing, managing and reporting on trends in coverage in all the world's protected areas - conforming to best practice techniques and providing a platform that allows for the easy integration of other conservation datasets and user opinion.
We have been a partner since the beginning of the initiative.
United Nations Global Compact (UNGC)
UNGC is a framework for businesses that are committed to aligning their operations and strategies with 10 universally accepted principles on human rights, labour standards, the environment and anti-corruption. The global compact is a voluntary initiative with two objectives:
- Mainstream the ten principles in business activities around the world
- Catalyse actions in support of broader UN goals, such as the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs)
We are a founding member of the global compact, having supported it since its inception in 2000. We strongly support the principles of the UNGC, have integrated them into our policies and practices, and, through our sustainability reporting, communicate annually on our progress in promoting the 10 principles.
In addition to our participation in the global compact, we also play an active part in the Global Compact Nordic Network.
World Bank Carbon Finance
Since 2000, Statoil has been working in collaboration with the World Bank Carbon Unit for the promotion of market-based mechanisms for reducing greenhouse gas emissions. Statoil participates in two World Bank Carbon Unit-managed funds - the Prototype Carbon Fund (PCF) and the Community Development Carbon Fund (CDCF).
The PCF became operational in 2000. The fund buys carbon credits from a closed project portfolio of 23 projects in developing countries and in "economies in transition". The fund has a total capital of USD 180 million, and our share is USD 10 million.
The CDCF provides carbon financing to projects in the poorer areas of the developing world. The fund, a public-private initiative designed in cooperation with the International Emissions Trading Association (IETA) and the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change, became operational in March 2003.The CDCF supports projects that combine community development with emission reductions to create "development plus carbon" credits, and significantly improve the lives of the poor and their local environment. The first tranche of the CDCF is capitalised at USD 128.6 million, with nine governments and 16 corporations/organisations participating. Our share is USD 2.5 million
Sustainable Energy for All
In 2011, Statoil CEO Helge Lund was invited to participate in a high-level panel advising the UN Secretary General and the member states on how to achieve the goal of sustainable energy for all. The committee will give specific advice and recommendations ahead of the Rio+20 Summit (June 2012) on how the world can achieve three goals by 2030:
1. Ensuring universal access to modern energy services.
2. Doubling the rate of improvement in energy efficiency.
3. Doubling the share of renewable energy in the global energy mix.
Statoil's responsibilities as a leading energy company include participating in the debate on how business fundamentals and business models can contribute to predictability, and thereby stimulate private capital.
Carbon Sequestration Leadership Forum (CSLF)
The CSLF is an international climate change initiative that focuses on the development of improved cost-effective technologies for the separation and capture of carbon dioxide for transport and safe long-term storage. The purpose of the CSLF is to make these technologies broadly available internationally and to identify and address wider issues relating to carbon capture and storage. This could include promoting appropriate technical, political and regulatory environments for the development of such technology. Established in 2003, the CSLF currently comprises 22 members, including 21 countries and the European Commission. Membership is open to national governmental entities that are significant producers or users of fossil fuel and that have a commitment to investing resources in research, development and demonstration activities in carbon dioxide capture and storage technologies. CSLF also recognises that stakeholders - those organisations that are affected by and can affect the goals of CSLF - are an essential part of CSLF activities.
As part of its mission under the CSLF Charter to "identify promising directions for research," the CSLF technical group has produced a technology roadmap that is intended to serve as a guide for the CSLF and its members in describing possible routes to future carbon dioxide capture, transport and storage needs. We are registered as a CSLF stakeholder and represent Norway as chair of the technical group.
Extractive Industries Transparency Initiative (EITI)
The EITI supports increased transparency and improved governance in resource-rich countries through the verification and full publication of company payments and government revenues from oil, gas and mining. It is made up of a coalition of governments, companies, civil society groups, investors and international organisations. Tony Blair, then UK Prime Minister, announced the initiative at the World Summit on Sustainable Development in Johannesburg in September 2002.
We have supported the EITI since its foundation, and became a member of the international EITI board in 2009, representing the national oil company (NOC) constituency together with Mexican POC Pemex. In addition, we publish our revenues, investments and taxes paid in the countries in which we operate, and we support implementation of the EITI principles in relevant countries where we have operations.
Global Gas Flaring Reduction Partnership (GGFR)
Launched at the World Summit on Sustainable Development in August 2002, the GGFR brings around the table representatives of governments of oil-producing countries, state-owned companies and major international oil companies, so that, together, they can overcome the barriers to reducing gas flaring by sharing global best practices and implementing country-specific programmes.
A World Bank-led initiative, the GGFR partnership facilitates and supports national efforts to use gas that is currently flared by promoting effective regulatory frameworks and tackling the constraints on gas utilisation, such as insufficient infrastructure and poor access to local and international energy markets, particularly in developing countries. Poverty reduction is also an integral part of the GGFR programme, which is developing concepts for how local communities close to the flaring sites can use natural gas and liquefied petroleum gas (LPG) that might otherwise be flared and wasted. The programme has already evaluated opportunities for small-scale gas utilisation in several countries.
We are a partner of the GGFR programme.
Global Methane Initiative (GMI)
The purpose of the partnership is to create a voluntary non-binding framework for international cooperation to reduce methane emissions and to advance the recovery and use of methane as a valuable clean energy source. GMI focuses on the development of strategies and markets for the abatement, recovery and use of methane through technology development, demonstration and implementation of effective policy frameworks.
Norway joined the GMI Partnership in October 2011 and Statoil acccepted an invitation to join the GMI Oil & Gas Subcommittee. This subcommittee will be responsible for guidance and assessment of specific activities and actions to reduce methane emissions from the oil and gas sector.
Global Reporting Initiative (GRI)
The GRI is a long-term, multi-stakeholder governed institution collaborating to provide globally applicable guidelines and standards for sustainability reporting. The Sustainability Reporting Guidelines published a third version - the G3 Guidelines - in 2006, which were updated to the G3.1 Guidelines in 2011. The guidelines set out principles and indicators that organisations can use to measure and report their economic, environmental and social performance.
To date, more than 1,000 organisations have declared voluntary adoption of the guidelines worldwide. Consequently, the G3 Guidelines have become the de facto global standard for sustainability reporting. GRI is a collaborating centre of the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP), and the guidelines can be used to produce the UN Global Compact's required annual report - Communication on Progress (COP).
We have been an organisational stakeholder of the GRI since 2005, and are a member of the GRI working group for the development of the oil and gas sector supplement.
The MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change
The MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change is an interdisciplinary team of natural scientists, social scientists and policy analysts aimed at preparing quantitative analyses of global climate change risk (and its social and environmental consequences), and providing independent assessments of potential mitigation actions. The joint program leads in both science and policy, providing expertise to Congress, foreign governments and scientific agencies via briefings, workshops, publications and testimony. They also communicate directly with national and international policy-making bodies, and with other researchers, through the MIT Global Change Forum. We are a sponsor of this programme.
Voluntary Principles on Security and Human Rights (VPSHR)
The initiative to develop the VPSHR was taken by the US and UK governments in 2000, with the Netherlands and Norway joining later. Together with companies in the extractive and energy sectors, and non-governmental organisations, all with an interest in human rights, they established a dialogue on security and human rights. The participants recognise the importance of promoting and protecting human rights throughout the world and the constructive role business and civil society - including non-governmental organisations, labour/trade unions and local communities - can play in advancing these goals.
Through this dialogue, the participants have developed a set of voluntary principles to guide the extractive industry and energy companies in maintaining the safety and security of their operations within an operating framework that ensures respect for human rights and fundamental freedoms. Mindful of these goals, the participants agree on the importance of continuing this dialogue and keeping these principles under review in order to ensure their continuing relevance and efficacy. Companies commit themselves to following the principles, adopting implementation plans and reporting on progress.
We are a member-participant in the VPSHR, and work to ensure that our use of security guards and operations is in line with the voluntary principles.