The Sture terminal near Bergen in western Norway is an important export port for crude oil, which arrives by pipeline from the Oseberg area and the Grane field in the North Sea.
Oseberg-area crude and condensate (light oil) is carried in the 115-kilometre Oseberg Transport System (OTS), which starts at the A platform on the field. Crude from Grane travels through the 212-kilometre Grane Oil Pipeline (GOP).
The Sture facility comprises two jetties able to berth tankers up to 300,000 deadweight tonnes, plus five artificial rock caverns for crude with a total capacity of one million cubic metres.
In addition come a 60,000-cubic-metre cavern for liquefied petroleum gases (LPG) and a ballast water cavern of 200,000 cubic metres.
The terminal also features a plant for recovering volatile organic compounds (VOC), which is environmentally important when loading tankers.
Processing facilities at Sture recover the lightest components from the crude, which are extracted as an LPG mix (propane and butane) and as naphtha.
Stabilised crude and LPG mix are stored in the relevant rock caverns before being shipped out over the jetties.
LPG mix and naphtha are also transported from the terminal through the Vestprosess pipeline to Mongstad.
Emergency response related to vessel safety and oil spill clean-up has a very high priority at the terminal.
A total of 150-160 crude oil and LPG carriers currently call at Sture every year.