Capturing renewable business opportunities
As the world’s population grows and becomes more prosperous, we need to provide more energy to heat and light homes, fuel transport and power the economy. At the same time, we must reduce emissions of greenhouse gases.
As a response, more countries are now developing new renewable energy and other low-carbon solutions, and this creates exciting business opportunities. Statoil is actively seizing these opportunities by building on decades of experience in oil and gas.
We are already innovators in offshore wind and a world leader in carbon capture and storage.
Our ambition is to grow profitably and potentially expand into other sources of renewable energy.
We believe that energy must not only be secure and sustainable, but also competitive. We are working tirelessly to develop reliable new energy solutions that are both green and cost-efficient.
Driving innovation in offshore wind
Entering into offshore wind was a natural move for Statoil. Today, we are taking our decades of offshore experience and applying our project execution capabilities to safely and efficiently develop large-scale offshore wind farms. Through our unique Hywind concept for floating offshore wind, we are also combining known technologies in a completely new setting and opening up the possibility for capturing wind energy in deep-water environments worldwide. We are not just investors in offshore wind — we are innovators.
Our offshore wind portfolio
Statoil has interests in four large-scale conventional wind projects off the coast of the UK and Germany, and we are operator for the Dudgeon wind farm currently under construction. We are also pioneering innovation in offshore wind solutions through our unique floating wind concept Hywind. Offshore wind already has a strong foothold in Europe with 10 GW installed capacity, and a global potential to reach more than 100 GW by 2030. Fixed turbines are ideal for developing offshore wind in water depths of 20–50 metres, but with floating structures, wind power can expand into new deep-water areas around the world—and Statoil is at the forefront of developing this exciting new market.
SHERINGHAM SHOAL (UK)
Production since 2011
Statoil’s first large-scale commercial offshore wind investment. Enough clean energy to power around 220,000 British homes.
Production start 2017
A new large-scale offshore wind park under construction. Enough clean energy to power around 410,000 British homes.
Dogger Bank (uk)
The largest zone for UK offshore wind farms. Development consent for an agreed target to potentially power almost 5 million British homes.
Hywind demo (Norway)
Production since 2009
The world’s first full-scale floating wind turbine. Verifying a unique floating offshore wind concept for six years in the North Sea.
Through Hywind, we are moving one step further and into deep waters. The Hywind concept combines known technologies in a completely new setting, and opens up the possibility to capture wind energy in deep water environments.
The Hywind concept is perfectly adapted to deep waters close to regions with large power consumption throughout the world. This unique ability to be located flexibly provides considerable market opportunities.
Hywind consists of a turbine placed on top of a ballasted steel cylinder. The floating turbine unit is fastened to the seabed by three mooring lines. Our demonstration project near Karmøy in Norway has proven the technology. Through six years of testing in the North Sea, the concept has been verified and performance exceeds expectations. Based on the experience we have gained, we are now developing the world’s first pilot park offshore Peterhead in Aberdeenshire, Scotland.
From the first unit to the pilot park we have achieved cost reductions of 60-70%. Going forward, we believe a further 40-50% cost reduction is realistic by 2030, potentially making floating offshore wind competitive without support regimes. This can be realised through further conceptual enhancements, such as larger and lighter units, combined with a matured supply chain and economies of scale.
Our competence as a leading offshore oil and gas project developer and experience as operator have proved vital in developing the Hywind concept. Combined with our financial strength and innovative skills, this makes us well positioned to take wind power to the areas we are most familiar with – deep water oceans.
Our Hywind concept is unlocking new offshore wind resources and creating new business opportunities. Statoil is proud to be at the forefront of developing offshore wind as a competitive new energy source.
A world leader in carbon capture and storage
Statoil is a world leader in carbon capture and storage (CCS). CCS is about removing carbon from gases and storing it safely to prevent it from contributing to climate change.
We see CCS as the leading technology for decarbonising fossil fuels and an important long-term measure for reducing CO2 emissions globally. CCS also has significant economic advantages that include extending current operations, carbon reuse in fuel, chemical technologies and export opportunities. Having worked on this pioneering technology since the 1990s, we have played an important role in getting CCS to where it is today. We continue to work towards the goal of commercial CCS and evaluate opportunities to reduce our own CO2 emissions and explore profitable Enhanced Oil Recovery (EOR) possibilities.
Our CCS projects
Statoil has decades of experience from CCS projects of various sizes, successfully maturing the technology from the R&D stage to operations. This puts us in a leading position to contribute towards the goal of making CCS reach commercial scale. By sharing our research and expertise with research institutions, academia, other companies and authorities we also contribute to the further development of CCS worldwide.
OFFSHORE CO2 STORAGE IN NORWAY
Statoil is currently carrying out a feasibility study regarding CO2 storage on the Norwegian Continental Shelf (NCS) on behalf of the Norwegian Ministry of Petroleum and Energy
Operational since 1996
Statoil captures about 1 million tonnes of CO2 each year from the natural gas on the Statoil-operated Sleipner field in the Norwegian sector of the North Sea. The CO2 is stored in a saline formation 1 km below the seabed.
Start-up in 2004
Statoil’s involvement in the Algerian gas field In Salah is so far the only project outside Norway where Statoil has helped capture and store CO2. More than three million tonnes of CO2 have been stored below ground. The injection of CO2 was stopped in 2011 as a safety measure.
What about other renewable technologies?
We expect strong demand growth for renewables over the next decades. In Statoil, we have established a new business area for New Energy Solutions to drive further profitable growth within these areas, reflecting our aspirations to gradually complement our oil and gas portfolio with profitable renewable energy and other low-carbon energy solutions. As a starting point, our existing offshore wind portfolio and our CCS projects constitute the main activities in this area.
Going forward, our ambition is to grow and possibly expand into other areas of renewable energy, focusing on delivering attractive returns through technology and business innovation. We believe that our decades of experience from the oil and gas industry make us well-placed to transfer our expertise to these growing markets. We are also working to identify and develop new business models to drive demand for our core products, consistent with the transition to a low-carbon society.
While our current emphasis is on wind and CCS, we are continuously reviewing potential new business opportunities. In New Energy Solutions, we focus on opportunities which match competitive technologies with attractive markets and profitable business models. In addition, we prioritize opportunities where Statoil’s core competences can create competitive advantages and increase value creation.
We offer a wide toolbox to develop the best investment opportunities, ranging from traditional business development to venture capital investments, research and development, and even an innovation lab. A more detailed plan for this business is being developed as an integrated part of Statoil’s strategy.
Statoil Energy Ventures
Statoil Energy Ventures is our new venture capital fund dedicated to investing in attractive and ambitious growth companies in renewable energy, supporting our strategy of growth in new energy solutions. The fund will invest up to USD 200 million (around NOK 1.7 billion) over a period of four to seven years.
Our annual Energy Perspectives report outlines three potential scenarios for energy production: Renewal, Reform and Rivalry. The Renewal scenario is the most optimistic about the potential contributions of renewable energy, describing a mix of policy, regulatory, behavioural and ultimately technological developments consistent with a 40% decline in energy-related CO2 emissions between 2012 and 2040.
In this scenario, we expect renewable energy to account for 57% of the power sector in 2040, compared to 21% today, while the share of fossil fuels in power generation is reduced from 67% to 30%.
The scenario assumes that key challenges such as cost and the intermittency of solar and wind have been overcome through innovations such as cost-efficient energy storage solutions, smart-grids and the use of fast natural gas turbines as swing producers.
Even in the Renewal scenario there will still be a need for fossil fuels in power production and industry in 2040, despite renewables’ significantly larger share of the global energy mix. It also assumes that CCS becomes a viable option for large-scale emissions reductions by the end of the 2020s thanks to various government incentives in place by 2020.
Although the Renewal scenario builds on certain key assumptions about our energy future that are ultimately uncertain, what is clear is that the Renewal world is possible to achieve, if renewable generation works in tandem with low-carbon generation that includes operational CCS and there is a significant rebalancing of the global energy system towards renewables.
We have also outlined two other possible scenarios, which we have termed Reform and Rivalry. You can find out more about all three scenarios in our Energy Perspectives report, available for download.